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IPA Factsheet - Lanhydrock Park
Site code
CountryUnited Kingdom
Administrative regionSouth West (East Cornwall)
Central co-ordinates50o 26' N / 4o 41' W map
Altitude18 - 133

 Site Description Lanhydrock Park contains a famous avenue of ancient beech and sycamore running down towards the River Fowey and a spectacular area of woodland dating back to 1634. Its combination of ancient and established woodland makes it an ideal habitat for lichens and more than 100 species are to be found there, including a number of rarities.

 Botanical Significance IPA noted for lichen assemblages. Old forest lichens – see O'Dare, A.M. (1990). Lichen Survey of Lanhydrock Park, Cornwall. [Report to The National Trust]. 33 pp., inc. map, species list & Figs. Parkland, after storm damage; tagged trees. Total number of lichen taxa 136; RIEC 100; NIEC 34.

 General Habitat Description Eunis level 2 habitat Braodleaved deciduous woodland - parkland. Ancient parklands are rare within and European context, with the British Isles support the vast majority of the resource. Originating from Mediaeval and Tudor times there main purpose was to provide a source of food and fuel for their owners. They often encompassed areas of ‘waste’ including ancient woodland. The subsequent management of grazing and tree pollarding has resulted in sites supporting a large number of old, well-lit trees that are particularly suitable for many epiphytic lichen species. The sites selected have been chosen for the large number of old forest lichen species listed on the New Index of Ecological Continuity (NIEC) and the East Scotland Index of Ecological Continuity (ESIEC), and represent the geographical differences between the more oceanic types from Cornwall, Devon, Wales and Scotland and the more lowland types from Dorset eastwards. Many of these species are found either within the Lobarion pulmonariae alliance or the Lecanactidetum premneae community, and are rare or declining in a European context outside the British Isles. Rare and threatened species present within the sites selected include: Anaptychia ciliaris (VU), Bacidia incompta (VU), Enterographa sorediata (E, VU, IR), Lecanographa amylacea (VU, IR), L. lyncea (IR), Lobaria amplissima (IR), Opegrapha prosodea (NT, IR) and Wadeana dendrographa (NT, IR).

Land use

Land use% CoverLevel
nature conservation and researchMinor

Threatened Species

Species NameIPA Assess.Species Assess.AbundanceData qualityCriteria

Botanical Richness

EUNIS level 2 code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.% of indicator speciesNo. SpeciesNational BiotopeData qualityCriteria
G1 Broadleaved deciduous woodland2012201200unknownB

Threatened Habitats

IPA Habitat code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.AreaData qualityCriteria


DesignationProtected Area NameRelationship with IPAOverlap with IPA
UnknownMid Cornwall Moors Butterfly important areaprotected area overlaps with IPA190


TypeDescriptionYear startedYear finishes
OtherNational Trust Management Programme



 Conservation Issues Unknown

Contact Information

ContactContact Type
Sally EatonSite report compiler