|IPA Factsheet - Lanhydrock Park|
Site Description Lanhydrock Park contains a famous avenue of ancient beech and sycamore running down towards the River Fowey and a spectacular area of woodland dating back to 1634. Its combination of ancient and established woodland makes it an ideal habitat for lichens and more than 100 species are to be found there, including a number of rarities.
Botanical Significance IPA noted for lichen assemblages. Old forest lichens – see O'Dare, A.M. (1990). Lichen Survey of Lanhydrock Park, Cornwall. [Report to The National Trust]. 33 pp., inc. map, species list & Figs. Parkland, after storm damage; tagged trees. Total number of lichen taxa 136; RIEC 100; NIEC 34.
General Habitat Description Eunis level 2 habitat Braodleaved deciduous woodland - parkland. Ancient parklands are rare within and European context, with the British Isles support the vast majority of the resource. Originating from Mediaeval and Tudor times there main purpose was to provide a source of food and fuel for their owners. They often encompassed areas of ‘waste’ including ancient woodland. The subsequent management of grazing and tree pollarding has resulted in sites supporting a large number of old, well-lit trees that are particularly suitable for many epiphytic lichen species. The sites selected have been chosen for the large number of old forest lichen species listed on the New Index of Ecological Continuity (NIEC) and the East Scotland Index of Ecological Continuity (ESIEC), and represent the geographical differences between the more oceanic types from Cornwall, Devon, Wales and Scotland and the more lowland types from Dorset eastwards. Many of these species are found either within the Lobarion pulmonariae alliance or the Lecanactidetum premneae community, and are rare or declining in a European context outside the British Isles. Rare and threatened species present within the sites selected include: Anaptychia ciliaris (VU), Bacidia incompta (VU), Enterographa sorediata (E, VU, IR), Lecanographa amylacea (VU, IR), L. lyncea (IR), Lobaria amplissima (IR), Opegrapha prosodea (NT, IR) and Wadeana dendrographa (NT, IR).
Conservation Issues Unknown