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IPA Factsheet - Loch Lomond Woods
Site code
CountryUnited Kingdom
Administrative regionScotland Argyll & Stirling (Dunbartonshire, Main Agryll, Stirlingshire, West Perthshire)
Central co-ordinates56o 17' N / 4o 43' W map
Altitude11 - 593

 Site Description In general, the main interest of the IPA lies with the upland oak woodland plant communities that are scattered along both banks of the loch and on some of the islands, and the oceanic bryophytes that exist within the more sheltered and humid areas; and also with the wetland plant communities in the south-east corner of the loch, where the Endrick Water debouches. Loch Lomond forms a long, steep-sided and relatively narrow glen, that opens out to lower lands to the south. The landform coupled with the climate has produced a mild and humid environment conducive to growth of bryophytes and lichens tolerant of a cool, damp atmosphere.

 Botanical Significance (From SSSI Citations) The Loch Lomond Woods IPA comprises a range of stands and pockets of oak Quercus dominated woodland around the steep-sided fringes of Loch Lomond. Oak is found mainly on the lower slopes, with Downy Birch Betula pubescens becoming more dominant on the upper reaches and Alder Alnus glutinosa on wet, flatter ground. There are numerous steep-sided gorges draining the high hills surrounding the loch with abundant Ash Fraxinus excelsior providing shade. Shrub layers are poor. The damp gorges and shady woods provide a relatively mild and humid environment that supports an exceptionally rich bryophyte community, including many Atlantic liverwort species indicative of ancient woodland, while in the more open woodlands the equivalent oceanic lichen communities are found. (From SSSI management statements). Loch Lomond Woods IPA contain a range of important woodland habitats and plant assemblages; oceanic oakwoods and wet woodlands, containing a rich ground flora of vascular plants, and bryophyte and lichen assemblages. Not every stand of woodland will contain all these features, but taken as a whole the woodland around Loch Lomond is exceptionally rich for old, oceanic woodland indicator species. The Lobarion lichen community is well represented, especially so in the more open woodland and parkland habitats, along with representatives of the Parmelion and Graphidion communities. The Atlantic liverwort species are best represented on rocks and boulders within ancient woodland that retains humid conditions, and the lower trunks of trees can also support a range of important bryophytes indicative of oceanic woodland. See Plantlife ID Guides on Lichens of Atlantic Woodlands and Bryophytes of Atlantic Woodlands for the key indicator species

 General Habitat Description Woodland cover is not continuous around the loch, and broadleaved woodland can be interspersed with coniferous plantations and rough open grazing with abundant bracken. The steep terrain, with numerous burns cutting into the rock has led to a series of ravines or gorges that are not suitable for pasture or timber management. The persistence of these ancient, often unmanaged stands of woodland has allowed the bryophyte and lichen communities to flourish.

Land use

Land use% CoverLevel
agriculture (animals)Major
water managementMinor
nature conservation and researchMajor

Threatened Species

Species NameIPA Assess.Species Assess.AbundanceData qualityCriteria

Botanical Richness

EUNIS level 2 code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.% of indicator speciesNo. SpeciesNational BiotopeData qualityCriteria
G1 Broadleaved deciduous woodland2012201200unknownB

Threatened Habitats

IPA Habitat code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.AreaData qualityCriteria
91A0 Old sessile oak woods with Ilex and Blechnum in British Isles200720070unknownCii


DesignationProtected Area NameRelationship with IPAOverlap with IPA
National Scenic AreaLoch Lomondprotected area overlaps with IPA13610
National ParkLoch Lomond and The Trossachs Nprotected area contains IPA14860
Site of Special Scientific InterestGlen Falloch Woodsprotected area overlaps with IPA87
Site of Special Scientific InterestGarabal Hillprotected area overlaps with IPA100
Site of Special Scientific InterestGeal and Dubh Lochsprotected area overlaps with IPA68
Site of Special Scientific InterestPollochro Woodsprotected area overlaps with IPA293
Site of Special Scientific InterestGlen Loinprotected area overlaps with IPA65
Site of Special Scientific InterestCraigrostan Woodsprotected area overlaps with IPA93
Site of Special Scientific InterestRowardennan Woodlandsprotected area overlaps with IPA462
Site of Special Scientific InterestBen Lomondprotected area overlaps with IPA48
Site of Special Scientific InterestWest Loch Lomonside Woodlandsprotected area overlaps with IPA532
Site of Special Scientific InterestInchlonaigprotected area overlaps with IPA75
Site of Special Scientific InterestInchtavannach and Inchconnachanprotected area overlaps with IPA104
Site of Special Scientific InterestInchcruinprotected area overlaps with IPA24
Site of Special Scientific InterestInchmoanprotected area overlaps with IPA46
Site of Special Scientific InterestRoss Parkprotected area overlaps with IPA70
Site of Special Scientific InterestRoss Park - Lochshore Woodlandprotected area overlaps with IPA8
Site of Special Scientific InterestComic Hillprotected area overlaps with IPA55
Site of Special Scientific InterestEndrick Mouth and Islandsprotected area overlaps with IPA390
Site of Special Scientific InterestInchmurrinprotected area overlaps with IPA37
Site of Special Scientific InterestAber Bog, Gartocharn Bog and Bell Mossprotected area overlaps with IPA9
Site of Special Scientific InterestPortenellan - Ross Priory - Claddochsideprotected area overlaps with IPA21
Site of Special Scientific InterestBotorich Woodlandsprotected area overlaps with IPA30
National Nature ReserveLoch Lomondprotected area contained by IPA428


TypeDescriptionYear startedYear finishes
Other Management Plan


abandonment/reduction of land managementmedium
agricultural intensification/expansion (grazing)medium
consequences of invasive species (plant)unknown
habitat fragmentation/isolationhigh
forestry (deforestation)unknown

 Conservation Issues Overgrazing of understorey from a combination of sheep and deer. Bracken spread due to decline of traditional woodland management practices. Fragmentation and isolation of woodland stands. Self-seeding exotic conifer species from adjacent forestry stands. Erection of stock and deer fencing to exclude grazing animals resulting in dense vegetation growth. Removal of exotic conifer species, Rhododendron ponticum management.

Contact Information

ContactContact Type
Davie BlackSite report compiler