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IPA Factsheet - Black Wood of Rannoch
Site code
CountryUnited Kingdom
Administrative regionScotland Tayside & Clackmannanshire (Mid Perthshire)
Central co-ordinates56o 40' N / 4o 20' W map
Altitude233 - 527

 Site Description Black Wood of Rannoch Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) lies over north-facing slopes on the southern shore of Loch Rannoch in magnificent scenery of mountains and lochs. Pine dominates in the eastern part of the wood rising from the shore of Loch Rannoch to 500m on the slopes of Cross Craigs while to the west birch dominates in two wooded areas. The lower woodlands here are mainly on the hill ground of Coille Mhor, while the upper woods are at altitude on the north and northeast faces of Leagag. The broad saddle between these woods is an important landscape and ecological feature with a range of heather moorland, mire and open areas

 Botanical Significance The Black Wood of Rannoch is the most extensive area of relict native pinewood remaining in Perthshire and is one of only 35 surviving ancient pinewood remnants in Scotland. These sites are believed to have been wooded continuously since the retreat of the ice sheets and the Blackwood is known to have occupied this site since 1750 giving it in the most part a very natural character. The pinewood remnants are are designated under the European Habitats and Species Directive as a Special Area of Conservation (SAC). It is considered to be one of the best areas in the UK. Within the European Union Caledonian Forest is an Annex 1 priority habitat which only occurs in Scotland. The extensive area of downy birch woods is also a rare habitat. The notified natural features are Woodland: Native pinewood Woodland: Upland birch woodland Non-vascular plants: Lichen assemblage Non-vascular palnts: Fungi assemblage Euphrasias: E. rostkoviana - but with introgression from E. arctica

 General Habitat Description Past Land Use: Timber extraction was the main use in the past. In particular some very large trees were extracted and selective felling took place during the Second World War

Land use

Land use% CoverLevel
nature conservation and researchUnknown

Threatened Species

Species NameIPA Assess.Species Assess.AbundanceData qualityCriteria

Botanical Richness

EUNIS level 2 code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.% of indicator speciesNo. SpeciesNational BiotopeData qualityCriteria
G3 Coniferous woodland2007200700unknownB

Threatened Habitats

IPA Habitat code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.AreaData qualityCriteria
91C0* Caledonian forest*200720070unknownCi


DesignationProtected Area NameRelationship with IPAOverlap with IPA
Special Area of ConservationBlack Wood of Rannochprotected area contained by IPA1096
Special Protection AreaRannoch Lochsprotected area overlaps with IPA21
National Scenic AreaLoch Rannoch and Glenlyonprotected area overlaps with IPA1923
Site of Special Scientific InterestBlack Wood of Rannochprotected area contained by IPA1879


TypeDescriptionYear startedYear finishes
Other Management Plan


burning of vegetationlow

 Conservation Issues The main conservation issue at the site regards maintaining the right conditions for a variety of flowering plants, mosses and fungi. In addition there are a number of rare insects such as dragonflies and butterflies which the area supports. The structure is important with appropriate glade-like conditions required to support the important lowers plants of the site. The grazing levels and their effect on natural regeneration are very important.

Contact Information

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