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IPA Factsheet - South Devon Coast: Bolt Tail to Start Point
Site code
CountryUnited Kingdom
Administrative regionSouth West (South Devon)
Central co-ordinates50o 12' N / 3o 44' W map
Altitude0 - 130

 Site Description This rocky coastline is characterised by coves and headlands. The cliffs support important rock crevice communities, maritime grasslands and heathlands with a diverse flora including rarities such as early gentians, shore dock and Lundy cabbage.

 Botanical Significance Crit A vascular: Shore dock Rumex rupestris. The maritime grassland communities are characterised by Red Fescue Festuca rubra with Thrift Armeria maritima, Yorkshire Fog Holcus lanatus, Sea and Buckshorn Plantain Plantago maritima and P. coronopus, Wild Carrot Daucus carota and Bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scripta. Bloody Cranesbill Geranium sanguineum also occurs. The grassland often fades out on to bare rock, or merges with heathland of Heather Calluna vulgaris, Bell Heather Eric cinerea and Western Gorse Ulex gallii. These plant communities contain a number of nationally rare or uncommon species such as Carrot Broomrape Orobanche maritima, Upright Chickweed Moenchia erecta, Autumn Squill Scilla autumnalis, Portland Spurge Euphorbia portlandica and Sea Storksbill Erodium maritimum. The rocks support a wide variety of lichens, including an assemblage with Mediterranean affinities. Rare species include Cladonia convoluta and C. forma. Teloschistes flavicans, Roccella fuciformis, R. phycopsis and Buellia leptoclinoides. There are many areas of bracken Pteridium aquilinum and of scrub species such as Gorse Ulex europaeus, Blackthorn Prunus spinosa, Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna and Bramble Rubus fruticosus. North of Bolt Head, facing the Salcombe Estuary, there is a stretch of woodland dominated by Sessile Oak Quercus petraea, with some Ash Fraxinus excelsior, Beech Fagus sylvatica and Sycamore Acer pseudoplantanus.

 General Habitat Description Priority Habitats: 1230 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic coasts

Land use

Land use% CoverLevel
nature conservation and researchMinor
not utilisedMajor

Threatened Species

Species NameIPA Assess.Species Assess.AbundanceData qualityCriteria
Rumex rupestris Le Gall2007unknownunknownA(i), A(ii)

Botanical Richness

EUNIS level 2 code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.% of indicator speciesNo. SpeciesNational BiotopeData qualityCriteria

Threatened Habitats

IPA Habitat code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.AreaData qualityCriteria
1230 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic coasts20070unknownCii


DesignationProtected Area NameRelationship with IPAOverlap with IPA
Site of Special Scientific InterestBold Head to Bolt Tailprotected area overlaps with IPA187
Site of Special Scientific InterestPrawle Point & Start Pointprotected area overlaps with IPA330
Site of Special Scientific InterestSalcombe to Kingsbridge Estuaryprotected area overlaps with IPA2
Special Area of ConservationSouth Devon Shore Dockprotected area is adjacent to IPA1
Site of Special Scientific InterestHallsands to Beesandsprotected area is adjacent to IPA0
Site of Special Scientific InterestPrawle Point and Start Pointprotected area is adjacent to IPA0
Site of Special Scientific InterestSalcombe to Kingsbridge Estuaryprotected area is adjacent to IPA2
Area of Outstanding Natural BeautySouth Devon Coast: Bolt Tail to Start Pointprotected area contains IPA571


TypeDescriptionYear startedYear finishes
Habitat Management PlanMaritime Cliffs and Slopes HAP2002
Habitat Management PlanLowland Heathland HAP2002
Species Management PlanRumex rupestris (Shore Dock) SAP2002


climate change/ sea level riseunknown
habitat fragmentation/isolationunknown
intrinsic species factors (slow growth, density)unknown

 Conservation Issues

Contact Information

ContactContact Type
Cath ShellswellSite report compiler