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IPA Factsheet - Epping Forest
Site code
CountryUnited Kingdom
Administrative regionEast of England (South Essex)
Central co-ordinates51o 39' N / 0o 3' E map
Area268
Altitude60 - 100
 

 Site Description Epping Forest is the largest public open space in the London area. Air pollution has meant that epiphytes (plants, such as ivy, that grow on another plant or object for support only) at this site have been in decline. However, it remains important for a range of rare species, including the moss Zygodon forsteri. he long history of pollarding, and resultant large number of veteran trees, ensures that the site is also rich in fungi and dead-wood invertebrates.

 Botanical Significance Epping Forest represents Atlantic acidophilous beech forests in the north-eastern part of the habitatís UK range. Although the epiphytes at this site have declined, largely as a result of air pollution, it remains important for a range of rare species, including the moss Zygodon forsteri. The long history of pollarding, and resultant large number of veteran trees, ensures that the site is also rich in fungi and dead-wood invertebrates.

 General Habitat Description Woodland and Forest, Grassland and Tall Forb

Land use

Land use% CoverLevel
nature conservation and researchMajor
tourism/recreationMajor
forestryMajor

Threatened Species

Species NameIPA Assess.Species Assess.AbundanceData qualityCriteria
Zygodon forsteri (Dicks.) Mitt.2007unknownunknownA(ii)

Botanical Richness

EUNIS level 2 code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.% of indicator speciesNo. SpeciesNational BiotopeData qualityCriteria

Threatened Habitats

IPA Habitat code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.AreaData qualityCriteria
9120 Atlantic acidophilous beech forests with Ilex and sometimes also Taxus in the shrublayer20070unknownCii

Protection

DesignationProtected Area NameRelationship with IPAOverlap with IPA
Special Area of ConservationEpping Forestprotected area overlaps with IPA266
Site of Special Scientific InterestEpping Forest protected area overlaps with IPA266

Management

TypeDescriptionYear startedYear finishes
Habitat Management PlanLowland beech and yew woodland HAP2002
Species Management PlanZygodon forsteri (Knothole Moss) SAP2002

Threats

ThreatImportance
abandonment/reduction of land managementlow
otherlow
intrinsic species factors (slow growth, density)medium

 Conservation Issues Lack of grazing leading to development of dense secondary fores

Contact Information

ContactContact Type
Dominic PriceSite report compiler
Cath ShellswellSite report compiler