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IPA Factsheet - Lundy
Site code
CountryUnited Kingdom
Administrative regionSouth West (North Devon)
Central co-ordinates51o 10' N / 4o 39' W map
Area1273
Altitude0 - 140
 

 Site Description Lundy Island, in the Bristol Channel, is 18km from the nearest mainland. It is about 5km long by 1km wide, aligned north-south, with cliffs rising to a plateau at about 110m. The rock is mostly granite, with slate at the southern end, and the plateau soil is mainly loam with some peat. The plateau carries mainly heathy vegetation except where the land has been agriculturally improved or built on. The plateau vegetation comprises mainly dry heath, with a notable area of waved Calluna heath at the north end, which is also rich in lichens, e.g. Teloschistes flavicans and several species of Cladonia and Parmelia. Scree near the landing beach is the main station for the endemic Lundy Cabbage Coincya wrightii and the south eastern cliffs also carry Balm-leaved Figwort Scrophularia scorodonia.

 Botanical Significance The island of Lundy is of great importance for its vascular plants, marine algae and lichens. It is home to the largest population of golden hair lichen in the UK and rare plants, such as the Lundy cabbage can be found on the sea cliffs. Its granite and slate reefs make the area a marine algae hotspot, with as many as 300 species recorded. The plateau vegetation comprises mainly dry heath, with a notable area of waved Calluna heath at the north end, which is also rich in lichens, e.g. Teloschistes flavicans and several species of Cladonia and Parmelia. Scree near the landing beach is the main station for the endemic Lundy Cabbage Coincya wrightii and the south eastern cliffs also carry Balm-leaved Figwort Scrophularia scorodonia.

 General Habitat Description Rock cliffs, ledges and shores, including the supralittoral: coastal rocks. Littoral rock and other hard substrata; Sublittoral rock and other hard substrata. Temperate shrub heath: coastal rocks

Land use

Land use% CoverLevel
agriculture (animals)Major
nature conservation and researchMajor
tourism/recreationMajor
not utilisedMajor

Threatened Species

Species NameIPA Assess.Species Assess.AbundanceData qualityCriteria
Coincya wrightii (O.E.Schulz) Stace2007unknownunknownA(iii)

Botanical Richness

EUNIS level 2 code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.% of indicator speciesNo. SpeciesNational BiotopeData qualityCriteria
A1 Littoral rock & other hard substrates200700unknownB
A3 Sublittoral rock & other hard substrata200700unknownB
B3 Rock cliffs, ledges & shores, including the supralittoral200700unknownB
F4 Temperate shrub heathland200700unknownB

Threatened Habitats

IPA Habitat code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.AreaData qualityCriteria

Protection

DesignationProtected Area NameRelationship with IPAOverlap with IPA
Site of Special Scientific InterestLundyprotected area contained by IPA345
Special Area of ConservationLundyprotected area contains IPA1161
Marine Nature ReserveLundy Islandprotected area overlaps with IPA0
National Nature ReserveLundyprotected area contains IPA816

Management

TypeDescriptionYear startedYear finishes
Habitat Management PlanMaritime Cliffs and Slopes HAP2002
Species Management PlanCoincya wrightii (Lundy Cabbage) SAP2002

Threats

ThreatImportance
climate change/ sea level risehigh
consequences of invasive species (plant)low
habitat fragmentation/isolationhigh
intrinsic species factors (slow growth, density)high

 Conservation Issues The eastern cliffs carry extensive areas of Rhododendron Rhododendron ponticum and other scrub.

Contact Information

ContactContact Type
Cath ShellswellSite report compiler