Print Close
IPA Factsheet - Longleat Woods and Parks
Site code
CountryUnited Kingdom
Administrative regionSouth West (South Wiltshire)
Central co-ordinates51o 10' N / 2o 16' W map
Altitude115 - 214

 Site Description The core area of this site is a large, ancient, semi-natural broadleaved woodland with a predominantly high forest structure, which is unusual in South West Britain. Over the majority of the site, where soils are poorly drained but not waterlogged, the major canopy-forming tree is Pedunculate Oak Quercus robur, with Ash Fraxinus excelsior and Hazel, Coryllus avelana, occuring throughout.. Where soils are slightly calcareous, Field Maple Acer campestre and occasionally Wych Elm Ulmus glabra are associated shrub species . In parts of the site the woodland gives way to parkland with fine mature trees. The ground flora has a high number of species characteristic of ancient woodland, including Wood Anemone, Anemone nemorosa and Bluebell, Hyacinthiodes non-scripta. Thin-spiked Wood-sedge, Carex strigosa, and Broad-leaved Helleborine, Epipactis helleborine are among the less common species present in wetter areas. Where soils are neutral or slightly acidic, Hornbeam Carpinus betulus occurs locally, mostly as coppice. Guelder-rose Viburnum opulus and Alder Buckthorn Frangula alnus are found in the shrub layer. Longleat Woods and Park has an exceptional diversity of bryophytes and lichens, including several species with nationally restricted distribution. The epiphytic lichen flora includes Lobaria pulmonaria,Thelotrema lepadinum, Arthopyrenia cinereopruinosa, Catillaria sphaeroides and Pachyphiale cornea, all species characteristic of ancient woodland and parkland in clean air conditions. These are much reduced communities following habitat loss and pollution increases in the twentieth century, making the High Wood area of the Longleat site all the more important. SSSI citation 1983 as revised 1992.

 Botanical Significance Noted for lichen interest. High forest with diverse epiphytic and other bryophytes and lichens.

 General Habitat Description

Land use

Land use% CoverLevel

Threatened Species

Species NameIPA Assess.Species Assess.AbundanceData qualityCriteria

Botanical Richness

EUNIS level 2 code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.% of indicator speciesNo. SpeciesNational BiotopeData qualityCriteria
G1 Broadleaved deciduous woodland2009200900unknownB

Threatened Habitats

IPA Habitat code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.AreaData qualityCriteria


DesignationProtected Area NameRelationship with IPAOverlap with IPA
Site of Special Scientific InterestLongleat Woodsprotected area overlaps with IPA4
Site of Special Scientific InterestBradley Woodsprotected area overlaps with IPA22
Area of Outstanding Natural BeautyCranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downsprotected area overlaps with IPA0
UnknownButterfly Conservation Projectsprotected area overlaps with IPA0


TypeDescriptionYear startedYear finishes


climate change/ sea level riseunknown

 Conservation Issues

Contact Information

ContactContact Type
John CreweSite report compiler