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IPA Factsheet - Dartmoor
Site code
CountryUnited Kingdom
Administrative regionSouth West (South Devon)
Central co-ordinates50o 38' N / 3o 59' W map
Area26801
Altitude70 - 600
 

 Site Description Bovey Valley Woodlands including Becka Falls and Yarner Wood, Holne Wood, Walkham Valley, Wistman's Wood, Buckland-in-the-Moor,Dendles Wood - The sites selected have been chosen for the large number of old forest lichen species listed on the Western Scotland Index of Ecological Continuity (WSIEC). These woodlands are important as they support many lichens with a blue-green photobiont such as species of Collema, Fuscopannaria, Leptogium and Parmeliella. These species are distributed within the ABZ from Portugal to western Norway, but Western Scotland provides the European headquarters for many of these species. Whiddon Deer Park - Ancient parklands are rare within and European context, with the British Isles support the vast majority of the resource. Originating from Medieval and Tudor times there main purpose was to provide a source of food and fuel for their owners. They often encompassed areas of ‘waste’ including ancient woodland. The sites selected have been chosen for the large number of old forest lichen species listed on the New Index of Ecological Continuity (NIEC) 37/70 and the East Scotland Index of Ecological Continuity (ESIEC), and represent the geographical differences between the more oceanic types from Cornwall, Devon, Wales and Scotland and the more lowland types from Dorset eastwards.

 Botanical Significance Noted for lichen and habitat interest. Bovey Valley, Walkham Valley, Whiddon Deer Park, Wistman's Wood, Buckland-in-the-Moor, Dendles Wood -Rare and threatened lichen within the sites selected include: Fuscopannaria sampaiana (IR), Leptogium burgessii (IR, Aii), L. cochleatum ( VU, IR), L. saturninum (VU, IR), Parmeliella testacea (IR) and Polychidium dendriscum (VU, IR). Additional vascular plant interest as identified through BSBI consultation: Dartmoor is a nationally important area with populations of many nationally scarce and rare species. In addition to those listed below many other species have locally important populations within the boundary of the NP: Vaccinium oxycoccos, V. vitis-idea, Botrychium lunaria, Carex curta, Huperzia selago, Lycopodiella clavatum, Hymenophyllum tunbridgense, etc Anagallis minima, Asplenium obovatum, Asplenium septentrionale, Carex Montana, Chamaemelum nobile, Cuscuta epithymum, Drosera anglica, Erica ciliaris, Euphrasia anglica, Euphrasia vigursii, Hymenophyllum wilsonii, Hypericum linariifolium, Hypericum undulatum, Lotus subbiflorus, Ludwigia palustris, Lycopodiella inundata, Melittis melissophyllum, Neottia nidus-avis, Orobanche artemisiae-campestris, Platanthera bifolia, Platanthera chlorantha, Potentilla argentea, Radiola linoides, Scleranthus annuus, Sibthorpia europaea, Teesdalia nudicaulis, Viola lacteal, Wahlenbergia hederacea

 General Habitat Description Dartmoor is the largest and highest upland in southern Britain. It hosts a considerable variety of habitats and is of international importance for its blanket bogs, upland heaths and upland oakwoods. Additional vascular plant interest: Heath, mire, woodland and granite outcrops. Semi-improved agricultural land

Land use

Land use% CoverLevel
agriculture (animals)Major
nature conservation and researchMajor
tourism/recreationMajor

Threatened Species

Species NameIPA Assess.Species Assess.AbundanceData qualityCriteria

Botanical Richness

EUNIS level 2 code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.% of indicator speciesNo. SpeciesNational BiotopeData qualityCriteria
G1 Broadleaved deciduous woodland2012201200unknownB

Threatened Habitats

IPA Habitat code & nameIPA Assess.Habitat Assess.AreaData qualityCriteria
7130(*) Blanket bogs ( * if active bog)20070unknownCi
4030 European dry heaths20070unknownCii
4010 Northern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica tetralix20070unknownCii
91A0 Old sessile oak woods with Ilex and Blechnum in British Isles20070unknownCii

Protection

DesignationProtected Area NameRelationship with IPAOverlap with IPA
Site of Special Scientific InterestShaugh Prior Woodsprotected area overlaps with IPA87
Site of Special Scientific InterestSouth Dartmoorprotected area contained by IPA7114
Site of Special Scientific Interest Dendles Woodprotected area overlaps with IPA0
Site of Special Scientific InterestHolne Woodlandsprotected area overlaps with IPA1001
Site of Special Scientific InterestHembury Woodsprotected area contained by IPA124
Site of Special Scientific InterestTor Royal Bogprotected area contained by IPA58
Site of Special Scientific InterestSampford Spineyprotected area overlaps with IPA173
Site of Special Scientific InterestWistman's Woodprotected area contained by IPA268
Site of Special Scientific InterestNorth Dartmoorprotected area contained by IPA13559
Site of Special Scientific InterestYarner Wood & Trendlebere Downprotected area overlaps with IPA323
Site of Special Scientific InterestBovey Valley Woodlandsprotected area contained by IPA259
Site of Special Scientific InterestEast Dartmoorprotected area contained by IPA2110
Site of Special Scientific InterestWhiddon Deer Parkprotected area contained by IPA48
Special Area of ConservationSouth Dartmoor Woodsprotected area overlaps with IPA1974
Special Area of ConservationDartmoorprotected area overlaps with IPA23159
UnknownButterfly Conservation Projectsprotected area overlaps with IPA0
National Nature ReserveEast Dartmoor Woods & Heathsprotected area overlaps with IPA380
National Nature ReserveWistman's Woodprotected area contained by IPA169
National Nature ReserveDendles Woodprotected area overlaps with IPA0
National Nature ReserveBlack-a-Tor Copse protected area contained by IPA29
Local Nature ReserveOld Town Parkprotected area overlaps with IPA0
Site of Special Scientific InterestBuckland-in-the-Moorprotected area overlaps with IPA1
Site of Special Scientific InterestDendles Woodprotected area contained by IPA50
Site of Special Scientific InterestMeldon Aplite Quarryprotected area overlaps with IPA0
Site of Special Scientific InterestMeldon Quarryprotected area overlaps with IPA0
Site of Special Scientific InterestPiles Copseprotected area overlaps with IPA0
Site of Special Scientific InterestSampford Spineyprotected area contained by IPA174
Site of Special Scientific InterestShaugh Prior Woodsprotected area contained by IPA88
Site of Special Scientific InterestYarner Wood and Trendlebere Downprotected area contained by IPA323
National Nature ReserveDendles Woodprotected area contained by IPA29
National ParkDartmoorprotected area contains IPA26802

Management

TypeDescriptionYear startedYear finishes
Habitat Management PlanBlanket Bog HAP2002
Habitat Management PlanLowland Acid Grassland and Heathland HAPs2002
Habitat Management PlanUpland Heathland HAP2002
Habitat Management PlanBroadleaved Woodland HAP2002
Species Management PlanLycopodiella inundata (Marsh Clubmoss) SAP2002

Threats

ThreatImportance
abandonment/reduction of land managementunknown
climate change/ sea level riseunknown
intrinsic species factors (slow growth, density)unknown

 Conservation Issues At Whiddon Deer Park the subsequent management of grazing and tree pollarding has resulted in sites supporting a large number of old, well-lit trees that are particularly suitable for many epiphytic lichen species.

Contact Information

ContactContact Type
Cath ShellswellSite report compiler